From tometastatic disease developed in of the patients treated for breast cancer at the University of Maryland Medical System. In general, patients with initially negative axillary nodes had a longer median time until relapse development of metastatic disease and a longer survival time after diagnosis of metastases than patients with initially positive nodes. Liver was the least common initial metastatic site; while liver metastasis was seen only in patients with positive axillary nodes, it carried the worst prognosis.
Breast cancer spreads to other organs in the body according to certain specific patterns. The study is published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. In Sweden, almost two thousand patients die of the disease every year.
In some cases, the cancer may have already spread by the time of initial diagnosis. Other times, the cancer may spread after the initial treatment. For example, a person who has been treated for early-stage breast cancer may later be diagnosed with recurrent local or regional breast cancer or metastatic breast cancer.
Metastatic breast cancer is also classified as Stage 4 breast cancer. The cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This usually includes the lungs, liver, bones or brain.
Schoger died of metastatic breast cancer in May. Want to learn more about MBC? That everybody survives cancer now.
Metastatic breast canceralso referred to as metastasesadvanced breast cancer, secondary tumours, secondaries or stage 4 breast cancer, is a stage of breast cancer where the disease has spread to distant sites beyond the axillary lymph nodes. There is no cure for metastatic breast cancer. There is no stage after IV. It usually occurs several years after the primary breast cancer, although it is sometimes diagnosed at the same time as the primary breast cancer or, rarely, before the primary breast cancer has been diagnosed.
Common sites include distant organs like the lung, liver, bone and brain. Even after an original tumor is removed, microscopic tumor cells may remain in the body, which allows the cancer to return and spread. Patients may initially be diagnosed with metastatic diseaseor they may develop metastases months or years after their initial treatment.
In metastasis, cancer cells break away from where they first formed primary cancertravel through the blood or lymph system, and form new tumors metastatic tumors in other parts of the body. The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. Cancer cells can spread locally by moving into nearby normal tissue.