It describes what ADHD feels like, some of the help that is available, how you can help yourself and how to help someone else who has been diagnosed with ADHD. This webpage provides information, not advice. You should read our full disclaimer before reading further.
Attention deficit hyperactive disorder, or ADHD, is a condition characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, or a combination. Less than 20 percent of adults with ADHD have been diagnosed or treated, and only about one-quarter of those adults seek help. Thought to be biological and most often genetic, ADHD takes place very early in brain development.
Specifically, medication reduces impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. That is, ADHD medication helps you to focus, work, and learn. Stimulant medications are generally the first-line treatment for ADHD.
Although there is no cure for the disorder, it can be successfully treated. There are several different approaches for treating adults, but generally some combination of medication and behavioral therapy yields the best results. However, the dosage and frequency of the medications may have to be adjusted.
Adult ADHD can lead to unstable relationships, poor work or school performance, low self-esteem, and other problems. Though it's called adult ADHDsymptoms start in early childhood and continue into adulthood. In some cases, ADHD is not recognized or diagnosed until the person is an adult.
A brief overview of the most common — and effective — ADHD treatments available to adults: medication, therapies, alternative treatments, and coaching. The best adult ADHD treatment strategies are multimodal ones — combinations of several different, complementary approaches that work together to reduce symptoms. For one person, this ideal combination may include medicationnutritionexerciseand behavioral therapy.
However, we now know that ADHD is a neurological condition that spans a lifetime. The symptoms of ADHD do change with time, however. For example, childhood hyperactivity may decrease as an adult finds healthy ways to channel their energy.
Many people equate ADHD treatment with medication. In fact, while medication for ADHD often improves attention and concentration, it typically does very little to help symptoms of disorganization, poor time management, forgetfulness, and procrastination—the very issues that cause the most problems for many adults with ADHD. Medication for ADHD is more effective when combined with other treatments.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. Despite being the most commonly studied and diagnosed mental disorder in children and adolescents, the exact cause is unknown in the majority of cases. ADHD management recommendations vary by country and usually involve some combination of counselinglifestyle changes, and medications.
Some medications need to be taken every day, but some can be taken just on school days. Treatment breaks are occasionally recommended to assess whether the medication is still needed. If you were not diagnosed with ADHD until adulthood, your GP and specialist can discuss which medications and therapies are suitable for you. If you or your child is prescribed one of these medications, you'll probably be given small doses at first, which may then be gradually increased.